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A Reference Price Model of Brand Choice for Frequently Purchased Products

Russell S. Winer
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/209064 250-256 First published online: 1 September 1986

Abstract

A brand choice model that incorporates both reference and observed prices is proposed for frequently purchased products. The model is composed of a probability-of-purchase component and a reference-price-formation component. Empirical testing of the model using coffee UPC scanner panel data demonstrates that for two of the three brands, the model predicts probability of purchase better than do standard demand models that utilize only current observed brand prices.