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Darren Dahl (Editor in Chief)Eileen FischerGita JoharVicki Morwitz

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The Desperate Need for Replications

John E. Hunter
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/321953 149-158 First published online: 1 June 2001

Abstract

An overemphasis on creativity for evaluating research has lead to a serious devaluation of replication studies. However, we need a total sample size of N = 153,669 to estimate a causal effect to two digits, which is quite rare for a single study. The only way to get accurate estimation is to average across replications. If the average sample size were as high as N = 200, we would need over 700 replication studies. Scientific replications are more problematic than pure statistical replications, and so we need even more replications to achieve reasonable accuracy.

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