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Darren Dahl (Editor in Chief)Eileen FischerGita JoharVicki Morwitz

18 out of 120

Inhibited from Bowling Alone

Rebecca K. Ratner, Rebecca W. Hamilton
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jcr/ucv012 ucv012 First published online: 28 May 2015


The present research demonstrates that consumers often feel inhibited from engaging in hedonic activities alone, especially when these activities are observable by others. When considering whether to engage in a hedonic and public activity such as going to a movie alone, individuals anticipate negative inferences from others about their social connectedness, which reduce their interest in engaging in the activity. Notably, consumers seem to overestimate how much their enjoyment of these activities depends on whether they are accompanied by a companion. Cues that attenuate consumers' anticipation of negative inferences by making an activity seem more utilitarian or by reducing the anticipated number of observers systematically increase interest in engaging in unaccompanied public activities.

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